Fur trading was big in the Pacific Northwest from the 1780s to the 1840s.
People wanted furs for fashion and warmth.
Great Britain, Trappers Hudson’s Bay Company:
Largest and most successful fur trading company
Built Fort Vancouver – center for trading in Pacific Northwest
Controlled the fur trade in the region
Led by Dr. John McLoughlin
Leader of Fort Vancouver
Excellent trapper, medical doctor, ambitious leader
Gained reputation as a good and fair businessman
Indians called him “White Headed Eagle”
Did extensive trading with the Native Americans
United States, Trappers
John Jacob Astor started first U.S. fur trading company in area (at what is now Astoria, Oregon), but eventually had to sell out to the British.
U.S. fur companies had trouble competing against the Hudson’s Bay Company.
End to Fur Trade